I have just dropped anchor, I am a sailboat and sail with a motor. How to report it? Should I install these famous devices? Is it mandatory? Few boaters hoist these devices, rightly or wrongly? What do the texts say about this?
You may have seen them on some boats, a black ball or black triangle set high when at anchor or under power. We see it a lot on big boats, yachts, but little among boaters.
Since the establishment of Division 240 (2008) which sets the safety rules applicable to pleasure boating at sea on boats of less than or equal to 24 m in length, these devices are no longer part of the compulsory armament at sea. have on board.
So are they still mandatory?
Article 240-2.09 relating to the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (RIPAM) indicates that "Pleasure vessels are required to comply with the provisions made applicable, depending on the characteristics of the vessel, by decree 77-733 of 6 July 1977 publishing the 1972 Convention on International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, done at London on 20 October 1972."
It is clear, so in summary, vessels, even those for pleasure, must comply with this regulation. Therefore, if the characteristics of the ship require the carriage of gear by RIPAM, they must be on board pursuant to article 240-2.09.
What exactly does RIPAM say?
According to the RIPAM, rule n°30 concerning the ball for anchorage, it is stipulated "that a vessel at anchor of less than 50 meters in length must show, in the most visible place, a white light visible over the entire horizon or a ball.
Vessels of less than 7 meters in length, when at anchor, are not required to show lights or mark (ball), unless they are at anchor in a narrow channel, slipway or anchorage, near these places, or on the routes usually frequented by other vessels."
How to set up your apparatus?
On a sailboat, installing your gear is done by hoisting it in front of the mast, usually suspended by a halyard under the forestay. On a motor boat, it is necessary to provide a solution so that the gear is established on the front and visible.
What if you don't have your apparatus?
We are then in violation, verbalizable by a zealous policeman who can draw up a fine (it's rare, but it happens…).
On the insurance side, it is better to be in good standing. Regarding the black ball for an anchorage, a yachtsman on land saw his boat at anchor being hit by another vessel. His insurance declared the vessel at anchor liable as it had no anchor ball. He should then have ensured an active watch as stipulated by RIPAM for ships on the way... To think about...